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While Albany experienced a decline in its population due to urban sprawl and suburbanization, many of its historic neighborhoods were saved from destruction through the policies of Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd, the longest-serving mayor of any city in the United States.In the early 21st century, Albany has experienced growth in the high-technology industry, with great strides in the nanotechnology sector.Clockwise from top: Albany skyline from Rensselaer; middle-class housing in the Helderberg neighborhood; Palace Theatre; Empire State Plaza from the Cultural Education Center; North Pearl Street at Columbia Street; and the State Quad at SUNY Albany.) is the capital of the U. The population of the City of Albany was 97,856 according to the 2010 census.
During the late 18th century and throughout most of the 19th, Albany was a center of trade and transportation.
Beginning in 1810, Albany was one of the ten most populous cities in the United States, a distinction it held until the 1860 census.
Albany is one of the first cities in the world to have installed public water mains, sewer lines, natural gas lines and electricity, infrastructure and utilities that attracted and supported substantial new industry to the city and surrounding area during the 19th century.
Albany is known for its rich history, commerce, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher education. The Mohawk were one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, and became strong trading partners with the Dutch and English.
It is likely the Albany area was visited by European fur traders, perhaps as early as 1540, but the extent and duration of those visits has not been determined.